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However, how do you create a system Which Has a decentralized ledger How can you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them a lot of powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their work
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves this in a very creative way I love to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In short, anyone who wants to participate in updating the ledger of all Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. All you need is to guess a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds easy, right
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Of course, this guessing is all done by your computer. The stronger your computer is, the more guesses you can create in a second, increasing your chances of winning this game. If you manage to guess right, you earn bitcoins and get to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining computer comes up with the ideal guess, your mining system determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this block represents the moment of glory, as youve now develop into a temporary banker of Bitcoin who gets to upgrade the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve created, along with your solution, is sent to the entire network so other computers can validate it. Its a bit much like some Rubiks cube: The solution is very hard to attain but very easy to validate.
3. Every computer that validates your solution upgrades its copy of the Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions you opted to include in the cube.
4. The machine generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them to you as compensation for time and energy you spent solving the math issue.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees which were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. All the transactions in the block youve only entered are now confirmed from the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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Therefore thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining because of the simple fact that this process helps mine new Bitcoins from the system. But if you think about it, the mining part is just a by-product of this transaction confirmation procedure. Therefore i thought about this that the name is somewhat misleading, since the main objective of mining is to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a form of guessing, for each block, a different miner will guess the number and be granted the right to update the blockchain. Obviously, the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the exact same miner will succeed every time. .
Now that you know what Bitcoin mining is, you may be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a way that the further mining power the network gets, the harder it is to guess the answer to the mining math issue. Therefore that the difficulty of the mining process is actually self-adjusting into the accumulated mining power the network owns. .
If more miners join, it will get more difficult to solve the issue; when many of them drop off, it is going to get easier. This is known as mining issue.
Now, remember, this is on average. We can have two blocks being inserted minute after minute and then wait an hour to the next block. In the long run, this may even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this type of self-adjusting mechanism has created a type of arms race to get the most efficient and powerful miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a great deal of miners out there. In fact, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a couple of the only individuals mining Bitcoin back in the time with their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining issue was low. As Bitcoin began to catch on, people looked for more powerful mining solutions.